Hitler’s Beer Hall Putsch | The 20th century | World history | Khan Academy

By Brian Lemay 19 comments


Narrator: By the end of
1923, Hitler sees it as his chance to seize power in Germany. He’s getting this popularity,
the Nazis are getting this follower-ship because
the Weimar Republic is falling apart. You have the hyperinflation,
the German people feel insulted by this French
occupation of the Ruhr region. It isn’t just regular people
who are starting to support the Nazis, it’s very
notable people as well. This right over here
is General Ludendorff, we’ve already talked
about him, he’s one of the believers in the ‘stab-in-the-back’ theory that Germany would have won World War I if it wasn’t stabbed in the back by the November Criminals
who had taken control of the government during
the revolution in October and November. He becomes a supporter of Hitler as well. In 1922 you have Mussolini come to power, this inspires Hitler. So, as we get in to
November, Hitler sees this as his chance and the way that
he wants to take control, is he wants to abduct
or kidnap the leaders of the Bavarian region,
and there’s three of them, in particular at this time. Then from there, try to
take control of the nation as a whole. So, in November of 1923
you have a gathering of the three gentlemen who are essentially in charge of Bavaria, a gathering of them and several thousand officials in Bavaria at a local beer hall in Munich. (writing) at a beer hall. Hitler sees this as the
opportunity to take control. This is where he launches
his Beer Hall Putsch, and I know I’m mispronouncing it, but Putsch literally means coup d’état, to try to overthrow the government. So, Hitler and his Nazi’s
the go to that Beer Hall meeting of the government officials, they surround it with
their paramilitary group, their storm troopers,
Hitler enters into the hall, gets on stage, shoots into the air twice and says, look this is the revolution, it is beginning. He forces the three leaders
of Bavaria at gunpoint to pledge allegiance to the Nazi party and to this Putsch and
to Hitler, in particular. Then things start to go a little bit … get a little bit … start to dissolve. As Hitler tries to address
some issues that are going on outside, the
members who they were going to kidnap are allowed
to leave, you have chaos in the area amongst the Nazi’s and, frankly, amongst the government throughout that evening,
into that morning, at which point Hitler and his followers, and Ludendorff is one
of them, decide to march (writing) decide to march into central Munich. All of this is happening
… all of this is happening in Munich, which is in Bavaria. They decide to march, and
it’s during that march that they have a confrontation
with the official government troops. It’s unclear who fired the first shot, but you do have an exchange of fire and during that exchange of fire, I’ve seen estimates of
about 14-16 Nazi’s are shot. A few days later … and a few policemen, or a few soldiers are shot as well, and then a few days
later Hitler is arrested. (writing) Hitler, Hitler is arrested. He’s tried in early 1924
and then he is sentenced to jail, so all of his
ambitions were lead to nothing. In jail, he still continued
to develop his philosophy. He actually continued to
develop his following. He spent roughly the
second two-thirds of 1924, in 1924, he spent it in jail. (writing) 1924 was
spent primarily in jail, but while he was in jail he had dictated his autobiography and his, frankly, his belief system in Mein
Kampf, which literally means ‘My struggle.’ It’s actually banned in many countries, it’s not banned in the U.S. It does make for interesting
reading because you get a sense for, on one level,
how bizarre Hitler’s brain was and how disturbed Hitler’s brain was, but on the other side, you
can appreciate that he was a very, he was a strong communicator. Even before any of this
people would talk about how transfixing his eyes
were, how much attention people paid to him when
he would give a speech. You can even see this in his writing, and you can do a web search on it and you can get the
entire text of Mein Kampf. It’s disturbing and
fascinating at the same time, but this is a little passage. In this passage, it gives
you an idea of Hitler’s view of why Germany was
having these failures and what he, in his
bizarrely disturbed mind, thought what the solution was. “If we pass all the causes
of the German collapse “in review, the ultimate and most decisive “remains the failure to
recognize the racial problem, “and especially the Jewish menace.” He’s blaming all of
Hitler’s difficulty on a racial problem and in particular on Jews. “The defeats on the
battlefield in August 1918 “would have been child’s play to bear. “They stood in no
proportion to the victories “of our people. “It was not they that cause our downfall, “no, it was brought
about by that power which “prepared these defeats by systematically, “over many decades, robbing our people of “the political and moral
instincts and forces “which alone make nations capable, “and hence worthy of existence.” If you read a lot of the other text, what he’s talking about
is this decades of, essentially, watering down their society, watering down their
society with other people. If they didn’t water it
down, they say the defeats in the battlefield would’ve
been child’s play to bear. “In heedlessly ignoring the question “of the preservation of the
racial foundations of our “nation, the old Reich
disregarded the sole right “which gives life in this world.” He views this racial, in
his mind, racial impurity as the reason why Germany was facing all of this difficulty. As we’ll see over the next few videos, this leads to one of the
ugliest and bloodiest periods of human history.

19 Comments

MrHello711

Apr 4, 2013, 4:10 pm Reply

hello

TheVicAceR

Apr 4, 2013, 5:28 pm Reply

Weimar = [Vye-mar]

Jacob Smith

Apr 4, 2013, 5:34 pm Reply

Sal, why don't you do a video on why the Nazis targeted the Jews?

whiplashie

Apr 4, 2013, 5:53 pm Reply

i have a monumental need to see the rest of the world history series. upload the remaining videos with colossal speed and i shall be eternally in debt, thank you.

s99bf0c8

Apr 4, 2013, 9:42 pm Reply

Why do it read "beer hall putsch" while singing "ballroom blitz" in my head???

superdau

Apr 4, 2013, 11:55 pm Reply

As a german speaker I find it funny how others pronounce german words. Makes me realize that it's sometimes impossible to describe the pronounciation of a word using another language.
But it should work for "Putsch": say "put" and append a short "shh.." to it without a pause. Should work.

brian menendez

May 5, 2013, 5:44 am Reply

Mr Khanacadamy, make sure you talk about hitler's monetary system in your historical report, and how germany went from totally broke to the one of the most prosperous countries in europe in less than 5 years.

theodorheinrich

May 5, 2013, 7:29 am Reply

Your pronunciation of "Putsch" is funny 😀
"tsch" in German is the same as "ch" in "chicken" or "change", so you can just say "puch" with a hard "ch" at the end.

SolidWolfG

May 5, 2013, 9:45 am Reply

Pronunciation isn't that difficult to research, Sal.

Tommy Carstensen

May 5, 2013, 11:35 pm Reply

I wish this was how I had been taught history. It's never too late to catch up I guess 🙂

MSTVD

May 5, 2013, 1:25 am Reply

sal, can u make a video on how Joseph Stalin came to power?

Ken

May 5, 2013, 12:18 am Reply

Your channel has helped me understand so much. I can paraphrase answers through my own words now.

senglord

May 5, 2013, 3:43 am Reply

For some reason I want to plug Iron and Gold. To give some perspective on the rise of the nation of Germany in the 1860s

Angus Douglas

Jun 6, 2013, 12:26 pm Reply

Though this is a good lesson the American brogue slaughters it

DevilsRockContract

Jul 7, 2014, 1:51 am Reply

This is actually a good review. I would recommend "W.Shirer – The rise and fall of Third Reich" for more historical information.

Samurai Formation Production

Sep 9, 2015, 10:19 pm Reply

what software do you use?

Arvin Ian

Feb 2, 2016, 1:22 am Reply

Ass a hole

stillbreathing37

Aug 8, 2017, 3:23 am Reply

Khan Academy is the best

General Yan

Sep 9, 2019, 7:54 pm Reply

Good lesson, but you should include a brief explanation of the Balfour declaration to preface the Mein Kampf portion to put all of this into perspective.

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